ASME VIII MDMT and Impact test exemption

ASME Code Section VIII Div 1 exemption rules for ASME Impact Test Requirements: There are specific rules in the ASME Code for exemption from ASME Impact Test Requirement. This test is very expensive, so pressure vessel manufacturers are trying to be exempted from this costly test. You need to follow the following clauses to make exemption assessment for ASME impact test requirement: UG-20(f) →→ UCS-66(A) →→ UCS-66(b) →→→UCS-68(c) First, you have to keep your pressure vessel design data available and then refer to UG-20 (f). If you are exempted from this clause, you do not need to proceed further. But … Continue reading ASME VIII MDMT and Impact test exemption

Corrosion in Heat Exchanger

There are 4 main reasons that cause corrosion in heat exchangers to need to be concerned during the inspection: Water impingement, Temperature, Vibration, Velocity. Refer to: Typical location of Corrosion on Heat Exchanger Cooling Water Corrosion in Heat Exchanger Tubes at High Water Temperature Zone; Another important factor affecting Corrosion in Heat Exchanger Tube Service at Cooling Water is the temperature. The area where the Cooling Water has a high temperature ( on the Outlet side ), there will be more fouling and corrosion than the low-temperature area. In the example, you can see from the corrosion that occurred in front of … Continue reading Corrosion in Heat Exchanger

What is Mock-up test for In-service Welding

Following the concerns of welding defects for in-service maintenance hot works, the Mock-up test should be performed to increase the confidence level of works. See this: In-service and maintenance welding defects Mock-Up Testing ;  This comes at a Mock-up Testing for In-service welding or welding On-stream … For onstream welding, while there is fluid flowing inside the pipe or equipment The most important is the safety that is not going to burn through the weld and weld it must not happen Hydrogen cracking (HIC) according to the method used to prove that the simulated welding or the Mock-up test.  In conducting a mock-up test, the workpiece must look like or represent the actual work in the matter including:  (1) Type ( Material Spec.), and the thickness of … Continue reading What is Mock-up test for In-service Welding

What is Valve Trim

Valve Trim;  Valve Trim is a name for Valve ‘s Internal Parts that come into contact with Process Fluid and be Worn. The deterioration caused by the use of Valve Trim can be replaced (Replaceable), including Seat, Disc, Stem, Bushing, and others. The parts of Valve that are considered Valve Trim will depend on the type of Valves in the table. Meanwhile, the Body, Yoke, and Bonnet are not considered. Valve Trims Standard: (API 600)   Continue reading What is Valve Trim

API 650 / 653 – Tank Critical Zone

API 650 Storage Tank – Critical Zone in the Bottom;  API 653 Storage Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction Code requires the tank bottom to be within 3 inches from the tank shell to be a critical zone because the area must support the weight of the tank shell that is placed near the welding line. Shell-to-Bottom makes Tank-Bottom in this area highly stressed. Critical Zone will have special requirements for inspections, repairs or reconstruction. Continue reading API 650 / 653 – Tank Critical Zone

API 650 – Storage tank Nameplate requirements

API 650 Storage Tank – Nameplates;  The Nameplate of the API 650 Aboveground Atmospheric Storage Tank as per Standard (para.10.1) specifies that the letters and numbers on the Nameplate must be at least 4 mm tall and the Nameplate must be welded or welded to the Tank Shell at the position near the Manhole or attached to the Reinforcing Plate of the Manhole. On the Nameplate, the Storage Tank must be specified as in the picture.   Continue reading API 650 – Storage tank Nameplate requirements

Typical location of Corrosion on Heat Exchanger

There are 4 main reasons that cause corrosion in heat exchangers to need to be concerned during the inspection: Water impingement, Temperature, Vibration, Velocity. Refer to: Corrosion in Heat Exchanger Likely Location of Corrosion – Heat Exchanger Tubes at Baffle;  Heat Exchanger Tubes in the Baffle Plates area are highly prone to corrosion. Due to the possibility of vibration of the Tubes causing friction with the Baffle (Vibration fretting) or Erosion from Fluid flow in Heat Exchanger For smaller tubes, The corrosion of the Tubes on the Baffle can be checked using a hammer. If the Tubes in the Baffle area is thin … Continue reading Typical location of Corrosion on Heat Exchanger

What is Vortex Breaker

Vortex in Vessels;  Vortex, or vortex in Vessels, is the rotation of a liquid’s core while releasing or transferring liquid from Vessels. This appears to be caused by the Earth’s rotation. Vortex can be easily observed. In everyday life, such as flushing the toilet Releasing water from the sink or bathtub Vortex in Vessels will take gas or vapor into the liquid stream that is transferred out. This will make the refining process less efficient, the system has more pressure drop, causing Erosion from the two-phase flow at the nozzle or pipe connecting to the vessel and causing cavitation at … Continue reading What is Vortex Breaker