API 650 / 653 – Tank Critical Zone

API 650 Storage Tank – Critical Zone in the Bottom;  API 653 Storage Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction Code requires the tank bottom to be within 3 inches from the tank shell to be a critical zone because the area must support the weight of the tank shell that is placed near the welding line. Shell-to-Bottom makes Tank-Bottom in this area highly stressed. Critical Zone will have special requirements for inspections, repairs or reconstruction. Continue reading API 650 / 653 – Tank Critical Zone

API 650 – Storage tank Nameplate requirements

API 650 Storage Tank – Nameplates;  The Nameplate of the API 650 Aboveground Atmospheric Storage Tank as per Standard (para.10.1) specifies that the letters and numbers on the Nameplate must be at least 4 mm tall and the Nameplate must be welded or welded to the Tank Shell at the position near the Manhole or attached to the Reinforcing Plate of the Manhole. On the Nameplate, the Storage Tank must be specified as in the picture.   Continue reading API 650 – Storage tank Nameplate requirements

Typical location of Corrosion on Heat Exchanger

Likely Location of Corrosion – Heat Exchanger Tubes at Baffle;  Heat Exchanger Tubes in the Baffle Plates area are highly prone to corrosion. Due to the possibility of vibration of the Tubes causing friction with the Baffle (Vibration fretting) or Erosion from Fluid flow in Heat Exchanger For smaller tubes, The corrosion of the Tubes on the Baffle can be checked using a hammer. If the Tubes in the Baffle area is thin or corroded, when we knock, Tubes bounce or shake occurs. Likely Location of Corrosion – Heat Exchanger Tubes at Shell Inlet Nozzle (1);  Tubes on the opposite Inlet … Continue reading Typical location of Corrosion on Heat Exchanger

What is Vortex Breaker

Vortex in Vessels;  Vortex, or vortex in Vessels, is the rotation of a liquid’s core while releasing or transferring liquid from Vessels. This appears to be caused by the Earth’s rotation. Vortex can be easily observed. In everyday life, such as flushing the toilet Releasing water from the sink or bathtub Vortex in Vessels will take gas or vapor into the liquid stream that is transferred out. This will make the refining process less efficient, the system has more pressure drop, causing Erosion from the two-phase flow at the nozzle or pipe connecting to the vessel and causing cavitation at … Continue reading What is Vortex Breaker

What is Static Head of vessel

What is “Static Head” in ASME Section VIII Vessels?  In designing the Pressure Vessels according to the ASME Section VIII Division 1, aside from not only considering the design pressure that will occur within the Pressure Vessel, but we also need to consider the weight of the Liquid within the  Vessel acting on it. The pressure caused by the weight of Liquid in Vessel is the “Static Head” which is based on the density of the liquid (Liquid Density called the p) and will have greater value as the height of the liquid from the bottom of the tank or Bottom of … Continue reading What is Static Head of vessel

What is Soil Corrosion

Soil to Air Interface – Zone of Corrosion on API 570 Piping; The area where the pipelines fall underground, or soil-to-air interface, is the area that has a high chance of external corrosion if Wrapping or Coating is damaged. Due to the difference in temperature, humidity and oxygen in the area, the API 570 stipulates that 6 inches above and 12 inches below the soil surface is the Soil-to-air Interface zone that should be Reviewed. Inspection of Soil-to-air Interface for Underground Piping;  For example, to monitor underground pipes ( Underground, Piping) in a pipe underground or Soil-to-air Interface by digging tube down … Continue reading What is Soil Corrosion

Steam trap design in piping system

Why does a Steam Heat Exchanger or any Steam Heater have a Steam Trap: 1st reason: On Outlet line, Steam-out of the Heat Exchanger may also heat or condensated at Steam outlet, therefore, a Steam Trap at Outlet line of Heat Exchanger for trap the Steam to condense into water  before forwarding it to condensate main line (Saving Steam). 2nd reason: The Steam on the Heat Exchanger may be Water Condensate contaminated, so they have to set Steam Trap with Steam Inlet line to prevent damage from Two-phase flow steam erosion occurred in Heat Exchanger. (Corrosion/Errosion Protection) Example of Steam … Continue reading Steam trap design in piping system

Vessel rubber lining inspection

Vessel and Tank Inspection – Rubber Lining Inspection;  Within the Piping, Vessel or Tank, some will be done with Lining or Coating to Prevent Corrosion and Erosion. During inspection (in-service), damages that will occur to the Lining, such as separation, breakage, swelling. If we find that Lining damage. We have to dismantle the lining to check for damage to the metal surface of the Vessel beneath the lining (in the picture is an example of the Rubber Lining inside the tank that is very cracked and swollen, and the Corrosion that occurs on the metal surface of the tank under the Rubber Lining) Continue reading Vessel rubber lining inspection