Centrifugal Pump Structure

There are a few components that virtually every centrifugal pump has in common. These components include: An impeller A volute or diffuser style casing A shaft Shaft sleeves Bearings A sealing arrangement These parts can be subdivided into the wet end and the mechanical end. The wet end of the pump includes those parts that dictate the hydraulic performance of pump. The mechanical end includes those parts that support the impeller within the casing, seal the casing where the shaft passes through it and enable rotation – the means by which the wet end creates flow and pressure. Wet End We’ve already talked about the two primary … Continue reading Centrifugal Pump Structure

Centrifugal Pump Casings

The centrifugal pump casing is the component of the pump that converts all of the velocity created by the rotating impeller into a controlled and stable flow and directs it out of the pump through the discharge point. The most common type of casing is called a volute and it looks similar to a snail shell. Image from A Brief Introduction to Centrifugal Pumps by Joe Evans, Ph.D The impeller is placed within the volute. However, as you may have noticed in the image above, the impeller is not typically centered in the volute. Instead, the impeller is positioned so … Continue reading Centrifugal Pump Casings

Centrifugal Pump Impellers

The impeller of a centrifugal pump is rotated rapidly to impart velocity to a pumped liquid. If you’ve never seen a pump impeller before, visualize a boat propeller. When a boat propeller is rotated it imparts velocity to the liquid around it. As the liquid moves, that velocity forces the propeller to move forward in the water. Now imagine what would happen if the boat were anchored in place, firmly enough to prevent the boat from moving. Next imagine that the velocity generated by the boat propeller were contained and controlled so that a stream of water was created that … Continue reading Centrifugal Pump Impellers

Pump Components: Volutes, Casings, and Impellers

When you boil them down to the most fundamental components, pumps are made up of two components: An impeller which creates velocity through rotation, And a casing which converts velocity into pressure. There are different types of impellers and different types of casings. The way that different types of impellers and casings are combined produces all of the different types of pumps. Types of Pump Casings There two basic types of pump casings: volutes and diffusers. Whether we’re talking about volutes or diffusers, what all casings have in common is that they are designed to take energy in the form of … Continue reading Pump Components: Volutes, Casings, and Impellers

Centrifugal Pump

A centrifugal pump is a machine that uses rotation to impart velocity to a liquid and then converts that velocity into flow. Let’s break that definition down into its components so that we can consider each one in turn: A centrifugal pump is a machine. A centrifugal pump uses rotation to impart velocity to a liquid. A centrifugal pump converts velocity into flow. “A centrifugal pump is a machine.” Every centrifugal pump includes an assembly of mechanical components that make operation of the pump possible. This mechanical assembly includes the pump shaft mounted on bearings, the sealing mechanism that keeps the pump from … Continue reading Centrifugal Pump