After completed the Part 6: Opening Weld-size, we will continue to try on the Open/Close questions on Module ASME VIII – Nozzle Reinforcement on Vessel as a part of in-the-exam API 510 Body of knowledge (BOK) If you don’t know how API 510 … Continue reading API 510 Questions and Answers (ASME VIII – Nozzle Reinforcement)
DNV GL unveiled a methodology for managing safety and cost associated with corrosion under insulation (CUI) alongside new technology designed to support it. CUI occurs when water becomes trapped between insulation and the piping and vessels it is designed to … Continue reading Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) – Mitigation methods
The majority of mechanical equipment found in oil and gas facilities belongs to the static equipment group, which comprises pressure vessels (drums, columns, reactors, filters) and heat exchangers (shell and tubes, plate and frame, air coolers). This article will contain cost-effective recommendations for design, materials, and fabrication. They aim to enable the inspector/surveyors/engineer/purchaser who is not an equipment specialist, to check that economical choices are made. The specification and selection of the equipment is the responsibility of the static equipment engineer, based on requirements specified by other disciplines, including process, materials and plant layout. Let’s start with the review of … Continue reading What is Static equipment in Oil & Gas?
Selection and Treatment of Water and Conduct of the Test, to Maintain the integrity of the System is a priority concern in new-building or construction project. Specially on Stainless-steel which is very sensitive to corrosion. 1.0 Introduction Welded fabrications are frequently tested hydrotested for pressure tightness. Unless properly conducted, this procedure can induce problems. It is important to avoid initiating corrosion of the fabrication by subjecting it to critical conditions outside the initial design constraints. Where the vessel is to handle materials which are later ingested, contamination must be avoided. Damage may be caused by the induction of latent corrosion … Continue reading What is water standards for hydrostatic testing?
What is sour service? Sour service is referred to exploration and production environments in oil and gas that have enough H2S that could cause “CRACKING” of metallic materials. The oil and gas industry recognize sour service as one of the … Continue reading What is Sour Service in OIL & GAS?
As a common hydrostatic test procedure, the test pressure will be taken from the piping system MAWP. Depending on the primary code applied, the test pressure can be 1.5 MAWP, or 1.3 MAWP + factors, or 1.15 MAWP… etc., Refer to What is MAWP, What is Max operation pressure, Hydrostatic test: What is the MAWP of the pressure vessel (ASME VIII) FITTING PRESSURE RATING PIPE PRESSURE RATING PIPING HYDRO-STATIC TEST COMPREHENSION Test Pressure vs MAWP (ASME VIII) Design Pressure Vs MAWP (API, ASME) MAWP is normally referred to as system maximum allowance working pressure. The fitting is small and is … Continue reading Hydrostatic test with Flange Joints (considering of Flange MAWP)
Take a look at the requirements of the height of raised face as per ASME B16.5: ASME B16.5 Flange – Regular Raised Face Height Typically, the height of Raised Face of ASME B16.5 Flange is divided by Flange Class by: 1- Flange Class 150 and 300 which have the Raised Face Height around 2mm. 2- Flange Class 400 and above have Raised Face Height around 7mm. When damage occurs on Flange’s Raised Face, the method to repair without welding works as per ASME PCC-2 can be done by machine, removing the damaged parts and refinishing the Raised Face again. Then do MT … Continue reading Guide to flange raised face repaired by machining.
Regarding What is Orifice and its application, please refer to FLOW METER AND ORIFICE PLATE Introduction of Erosion on Piping downstream around Orifice installation area: Typical erosion in piping systems often occurs on the flow with the exclusion of turbulence, for example. Where the flow direction changes (elbow, tee) or downstream of the orifice in the pipe system. In addition, Flow is a two-phase (with solid or liquid particles) and has a higher speed of erosion. In the Orifice installation area, the Flow Orifice (FO) is used to block the flow and reduce the pressure of Steam down to allow it to become condensate, but since Steam has passed from Orifice that cannot be fully condensed in this area, the turbulence of Flow will exist. Continue reading Orifice Installation Matter in the piping system
Following the concerns of welding defects for in-service maintenance hot works, the Mock-up test should be performed to increase the confidence level of works. See this: In-service and maintenance welding defects Mock-Up Testing ; This comes at a Mock-up Testing for In-service welding or welding On-stream … For onstream welding, while there is fluid flowing inside the pipe or equipment The most important is the safety that is not going to burn through the weld and weld it must not happen Hydrogen cracking (HIC) according to the method used to prove that the simulated welding or the Mock-up test. In conducting a mock-up test, the workpiece must look like or represent the actual work in the matter including: (1) Type ( Material Spec.), and the thickness of … Continue reading What is Mock-up test for In-service Welding