Thermal Expansion affections in Piping system

Linear Thermal Expansion of Pipping; One factor that must be considered in the design of the piping system is Piping Flexibility. Because our pipes will stretch itself when the temperature is increased, and shrink when the temperature is dropped. Therefore, our piping system must be flexible or able to move back and forth sufficiently to support elongation or shrinkage of pipe. In ASME B31.3 Process Piping Design determines the Linear Thermal Expansion of each material. To be used to calculate how much piping will stretch or shrink according to how much temperature has changed. The values ​​in Table C-2 measure … Continue reading Thermal Expansion affections in Piping system

What is Mock-up test for In-service Welding

Following the concerns of welding defects for in-service maintenance hot works, the Mock-up test should be performed to increase the confidence level of works. See this: In-service and maintenance welding defects Mock-Up Testing ;  This comes at a Mock-up Testing for In-service welding or welding On-stream … For onstream welding, while there is fluid flowing inside the pipe or equipment The most important is the safety that is not going to burn through the weld and weld it must not happen Hydrogen cracking (HIC) according to the method used to prove that the simulated welding or the Mock-up test.  In conducting a mock-up test, the workpiece must look like or represent the actual work in the matter including:  (1) Type ( Material Spec.), and the thickness of … Continue reading What is Mock-up test for In-service Welding

In service and maintenance welding defect

In-Service Welding Concerns;  When welding, repairing or modifying pipelines or equipment that are currently being used (In-Service), the most worrying is the leak of the fluid inside. While or after doing On-line Welding. The two main reasons that cause the leak are: Burn Through: While welding at the melting area of ​​the welding, the strength will be reduced. We may not be able to withstand the Pressure at  Service value. Weld Cracking or Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) from welding. The additional concern in welding is the cooling rate. Since the inside of the pipe or equipment has fluid flow, it may … Continue reading In service and maintenance welding defect

What is Vibration induce cracking

Vibration Induced Fatigue;  Vibration Induced Fatigue is a form of fracture due to fatigue, mechanical (of mechanical Fatigue) due to Dynamic load caused by vibration ( with Vibration) had done so at the risk of Vibration Induced Fatigue is a point there. High stress and severe shaking points. This type of damage is usually found at the small branch connections of Pressure Vessel and Piping, which are naturally high-stress points because they are discontinuous (see Stress Analysis) and are the receiving points. Vibrating force Thus, if the Support inadequate and the Small Branch Connection with Vibration ( for example, near … Continue reading What is Vibration induce cracking

What is Vortex Breaker

Vortex in Vessels;  Vortex, or vortex in Vessels, is the rotation of a liquid’s core while releasing or transferring liquid from Vessels. This appears to be caused by the Earth’s rotation. Vortex can be easily observed. In everyday life, such as flushing the toilet Releasing water from the sink or bathtub Vortex in Vessels will take gas or vapor into the liquid stream that is transferred out. This will make the refining process less efficient, the system has more pressure drop, causing Erosion from the two-phase flow at the nozzle or pipe connecting to the vessel and causing cavitation at … Continue reading What is Vortex Breaker

What is Soil Corrosion

Soil to Air Interface – Zone of Corrosion on API 570 Piping; The area where the pipelines fall underground, or soil-to-air interface, is the area that has a high chance of external corrosion if Wrapping or Coating is damaged. Due to the difference in temperature, humidity and oxygen in the area, the API 570 stipulates that 6 inches above and 12 inches below the soil surface is the Soil-to-air Interface zone that should be Reviewed. Inspection of Soil-to-air Interface for Underground Piping;  For example, to monitor underground pipes ( Underground, Piping) in a pipe underground or Soil-to-air Interface by digging tube down … Continue reading What is Soil Corrosion

Steam trap design in piping system

Why does a Steam Heat Exchanger or any Steam Heater have a Steam Trap: 1st reason: On Outlet line, Steam-out of the Heat Exchanger may also heat or condensated at Steam outlet, therefore, a Steam Trap at Outlet line of Heat Exchanger for trap the Steam to condense into water  before forwarding it to condensate main line (Saving Steam). 2nd reason: The Steam on the Heat Exchanger may be Water Condensate contaminated, so they have to set Steam Trap with Steam Inlet line to prevent damage from Two-phase flow steam erosion occurred in Heat Exchanger. (Corrosion/Errosion Protection) Example of Steam … Continue reading Steam trap design in piping system

ASME B16.5 Flange Marking Explanation

ASME B16.5 Flange Marking;  Marking (Stamp) on the flange according to the requirements of the AMSE B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Standard must include the size of the Flange, Flange Rating Class, the symbol “B16” or “B16.5”, Material Specification, and Manufacturer’s name. 1: Size of Flange (NPS), Ex. 4″; See: PIPING/TUBING CONFIGURATIONS 2: Class of Flange, Ex. 150, 300, 600; See: FITTING PRESSURE RATING CLASS 4: Standard, Ex. B16 or B16.5 5: Material specification, Ex. SA A182 F304/304L; See: ASME B16.5 FLANGE MATERIAL GROUP Others: 6. Heat No, Ex: CR47 7. Trade Mark, Ex: CE, KOR, VN ect., Continue reading ASME B16.5 Flange Marking Explanation

Test Pressure vs MAWP (ASME VIII)

Hydrostatic Test Pressure vs MAWP of Section VIII Vessels;  An example of Hydrostatic Test Pressure compared to the MAWP of Pressure Vessel ( in the form of Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger) designed according to ASME Section VIII Div.1. What is Hydrostatic Test Pressure for Section VIII Vessels; The Hydrostatic Test of Pressure Vessel according to the ASME Section VIII Div.1 must be done at a pressure not less than 1.3 times of the Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP) of the Vessel multiplied by the Stress Ratio to compensate for the strength of the material. In case of use at high temperatures ( when Hydrotest is made at Ambient Temp.) , The Stress Ratio is the ratio of the Allowable Stress of the material to … Continue reading Test Pressure vs MAWP (ASME VIII)