Vibration Induced Fatigue; Vibration Induced Fatigue is a form of fracture due to fatigue, mechanical (of mechanical Fatigue) due to Dynamic load caused by vibration ( with Vibration) had done so at the risk of Vibration Induced Fatigue is a point there. High stress and severe shaking points. This type of damage is usually found at the small branch connections of Pressure Vessel and Piping, which are naturally high-stress points because they are discontinuous (see Stress Analysis) and are the receiving points. Vibrating force Thus, if the Support inadequate and the Small Branch Connection with Vibration ( for example, near … Continue reading What is Vibration induce cracking
Vortex in Vessels; Vortex, or vortex in Vessels, is the rotation of a liquid’s core while releasing or transferring liquid from Vessels. This appears to be caused by the Earth’s rotation. Vortex can be easily observed. In everyday life, such as flushing the toilet Releasing water from the sink or bathtub Vortex in Vessels will take gas or vapor into the liquid stream that is transferred out. This will make the refining process less efficient, the system has more pressure drop, causing Erosion from the two-phase flow at the nozzle or pipe connecting to the vessel and causing cavitation at … Continue reading What is Vortex Breaker
Soil to Air Interface – Zone of Corrosion on API 570 Piping; The area where the pipelines fall underground, or soil-to-air interface, is the area that has a high chance of external corrosion if Wrapping or Coating is damaged. Due to the difference in temperature, humidity and oxygen in the area, the API 570 stipulates that 6 inches above and 12 inches below the soil surface is the Soil-to-air Interface zone that should be Reviewed. Inspection of Soil-to-air Interface for Underground Piping; For example, to monitor underground pipes ( Underground, Piping) in a pipe underground or Soil-to-air Interface by digging tube down … Continue reading What is Soil Corrosion
Why does a Steam Heat Exchanger or any Steam Heater have a Steam Trap: 1st reason: On Outlet line, Steam-out of the Heat Exchanger may also heat or condensated at Steam outlet, therefore, a Steam Trap at Outlet line of Heat Exchanger for trap the Steam to condense into water before forwarding it to condensate main line (Saving Steam). 2nd reason: The Steam on the Heat Exchanger may be Water Condensate contaminated, so they have to set Steam Trap with Steam Inlet line to prevent damage from Two-phase flow steam erosion occurred in Heat Exchanger. (Corrosion/Errosion Protection) Example of Steam … Continue reading Steam trap design in piping system
ASME B16.5 Flange Marking; Marking (Stamp) on the flange according to the requirements of the AMSE B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Standard must include the size of the Flange, Flange Rating Class, the symbol “B16” or “B16.5”, Material Specification, and Manufacturer’s name. 1: Size of Flange (NPS), Ex. 4″; See: PIPING/TUBING CONFIGURATIONS 2: Class of Flange, Ex. 150, 300, 600; See: FITTING PRESSURE RATING CLASS 4: Standard, Ex. B16 or B16.5 5: Material specification, Ex. SA A182 F304/304L; See: ASME B16.5 FLANGE MATERIAL GROUP Others: 6. Heat No, Ex: CR47 7. Trade Mark, Ex: CE, KOR, VN ect., Continue reading ASME B16.5 Flange Marking Explanation
Hydrostatic Test Pressure vs MAWP of Section VIII Vessels; An example of Hydrostatic Test Pressure compared to the MAWP of Pressure Vessel ( in the form of Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger) designed according to ASME Section VIII Div.1. What is Hydrostatic Test Pressure for Section VIII Vessels; The Hydrostatic Test of Pressure Vessel according to the ASME Section VIII Div.1 must be done at a pressure not less than 1.3 times of the Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP) of the Vessel multiplied by the Stress Ratio to compensate for the strength of the material. In case of use at high temperatures ( when Hydrotest is made at Ambient Temp.) , The Stress Ratio is the ratio of the Allowable Stress of the material to … Continue reading Test Pressure vs MAWP (ASME VIII)
PRV Testing – Trevitest (Principle); Trevitest Test Set Pressure of the Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) with On-Line while PRV are In-Service without adding (Build up) the pressure in the whole system approaching the Set Pressure. The Trevitest test kit uses the Hydraulic Lift Assist Device to help push the spindle of the PRV to overcome the spring force without increasing the pressure in the system and calculate the set pressure of the PRV using the pressure in the system. PRV Testing – Trevitest (Tools Setup); Examples of tools and installation of Trevitest test kits installed on the Pressure Relief Valve at the site: PRV Testing – Trevitest (Result Interpretation); Interpretation of Trevitest test results is done by using the software that comes with … Continue reading What is PRV valve Trevitest ?
PRV Testing – Field Test; Test Set Pressure and Seat Tightness Test of Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) at the venue (Field Test) can be performed using a kit for compressed inward, Inlet performed on Nozzle of PRV, which will make the case that PRV is large, located on a high ground, difficult to transport. Refer to: What is PRV pop test? (Popping test) Continue reading What is PRV Field Test?
The free pdf file of Thirty-one (31) Module 10 Q&A model of 2000 version: Module 10 AWS CWI QUESTIONS ANSWERS (pdf) DOWNLOAD The Below Fourty-four (44) Questions are model of 2018 version Module 11: NDT and Visual inspection Q11-1 Which … Continue reading AWS CWI Questions and Answers (Module 11)