What is Marangoni effect in GTAW welding?

The Marangoni effect is the mass transfer along an interface between two fluids due to the surface tension gradient (which fluid from areas with low surface tension is transferred to areas with higher surface tension). In particular, a negative value … Continue reading What is Marangoni effect in GTAW welding?

What is Chill Plate in Welding

In general, butt joint welding is divided into two-sided welding welded on both sides and the back gouging must be applied due to poor welding quality at the first welding layer of the first one-sided welding. (Call completed joint penetration, See What is CJP in welding) For one-side welding method, a backing material, which is a backing material that prevents melting of molten metal, is attached to the backside of the base material, and then the welding wire is lowered to form an arc between the base material to weld the base material. Welded Chill Plate (or Permanent backing strip, … Continue reading What is Chill Plate in Welding

What is different between Partly mechanized and Fully mechanized welding process?

Welding fabrication involves several operations which might have a significant ergonomic impact.This article aimed at providing an overview on these typical activities, and the most confusion on terminology of Partly Mechanized and Fully Mechanized processes during identify the welding personnel as a WELDER or WELDING OPERATOR? The role of welding personnel in welding processes: Based on the level of automation, processes are defined by applicable industrial standards as:– Manual processes, involving welders;– Partly mechanized (or semiautomatic) processes, involving welders;– Fully mechanized (or automatic) processes, involving welding operators;– Automatic and/or robotized processes, involving welding programmers, operators.Depending on the industrial needs, some … Continue reading What is different between Partly mechanized and Fully mechanized welding process?

AWS D1.1 2020 Changed notes

Below is a summary of the material changes made to the 2020 edition of AWS D1.1. Format changes – moving to 11 clauses from 9. This change was made to improve clarity and it includes the addition of reference tables, formatting to mimic the normal progression of welding procedure qualification, as well as other updates to improve ease of use. Additional requirements are added when using shielding gases for use with prequalified welding procedures. Revision of the requirements for the qualification of WPSs using waveform technology (Heat input, auto-calculation, and record.) Revisions made to the qualification requirements for inspection personnel … Continue reading AWS D1.1 2020 Changed notes

Pipe with Dual Grade

What is Dual Grade Stainless Steel Pipe: According to ASME BPVC Section II states that control the material characteristics such as mechanical properties (Mechanical Properties), chemical (Chemical, COMPOSITION), the Heat Treatment Through the provision of Grade supplies more than one Grade will be identified as Dual or Multiple Grade. For example, Dual Grade Stainless Steel Pipe, ASME SA-213 TP316 / 316L: Looking at the ASME SA-213 spec, you can see that 316L Low-Carbon Grade is defined to have the Carbon content lower than 316 Standard Grade, and at the same time requires that 316L have Min. Tensile Strength and Min. Yield Strength be lower. (Steel in general, if having less Carbon, will also have low Tensile Strength) This … Continue reading Pipe with Dual Grade

Tension Test Acceptance Criteria for Welding Procedure Qualification

Tension Test Acceptance Criteria for Welding Procedure Qualification per ASME IX;  To qualify the welding procedure according to the ASME Section IX, the mechanical properties of the test coupon must be tested. Tension Test, which is the test of the strength of the weld by The principle of ASME is that Weld Metal must be stronger than or equal to the strength of Base Metal. Therefore, the result of the Tension Test will have Acceptance Criteria as follows. The workpiece is torn/break at Base Metal: Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) or Failure Stress of the workpiece must be greater than 95% … Continue reading Tension Test Acceptance Criteria for Welding Procedure Qualification