CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 2

CSWIP 3.1 QUESTION AND ANSWER SERIES

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 1

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 2

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 3

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 4

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 5

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 6

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 7

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 8

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 9

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 10

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 11

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 12

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 13

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 14

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 15

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 16

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 17

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 18

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 19

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 20

1) Why is it essential to clean the excess weld metal on completion of the production weld?

a. So it can be ready for painting
b. To remove any rust
c. ( answer ) To ensure it is suitably clean for visual inspection and NDT
d. To remove slag from the undercut

After production weld finished. The surface to be examined shall be free from all dirt, grease, lint, oil, scale or slag. If it needs do NDT, the excess weld metal to be cleaned suitably for NDT.

2) During root welding, which of the following would be the main cause of excess penetration?

a. The root gap is too small in accordance with WPS
b. Preheat not used
c. ( answer ) The current is too high
d. Root face is too large

weld 9.PNG

Arc energy (kJ/mm)= (Volts x Amps) / (welding speed(mm/s) x 1000). It means Amps high –> HEAT INPUT high –> excess root penetration.

3) At what level is H2 considered to be more critical in cracking?

a. Less than 5ml per 100g of weld metal deposited
b. Between 5 and 10ml per 100g of weld metal deposited
c. Between 10 and 15ml per 100g of weld metal deposited
d. ( answer ) Over 15ml per 100g of weld metal deposited

4) With regards to Lamellar tearing, a buttering layer will:

a. ( answer ) Improve ductility
b. Disperse heat
c. Improve toughness
d. Improve hardness

Lamellar tearing occurs when material have Susceptible Microstructure – Poor through thickness ductility.

The surface of the fracture is fibrous and ‘woody’ with long parallel sections which are indicative of low parent metal ductility in the through-thickness direction.

a) Buttering the surface of the susceptible plate with a low strength weld metal has been widely employed. As shown for the example of a T butt weld (Fig. 5) the surface of the plate may be grooved so that the buttered layer will extend 15 to 25mm beyond each weld toe and be about 5 to 10mm thick.

weld 11

b) In-situ buttering ie where the low strength weld metal is deposited first on the susceptible plate before filling the joint, has also been successfully applied. However, before adopting either buttering technique, design calculations should be carried out to ensure that the overall weld strength will be acceptable.

weld 12

Note: Steel suppliers can provide plate which has been through-thickness tested with a guaranteed STRA value of over 20%.

5) Lamellar tearing can be detected by which of the following NDE methods?

a. Radiography
b. ( answer ) Ultrasonics
c. Eddy current
d. MPI using AC

If surface-breaking, lamellar tears can be readily detected using visual examination, liquid penetrant or magnetic particle testing techniques. Internal cracks require ultrasonic examination techniques but there may be problems in distinguishing / identify lamellar tears from / with inclusion bands. The orientation of the tears normally makes them almost impossible to detect by radiography.

6) A fatigue fracture can be identified (from examination of the fracture …): 

a. ( answer ) The presence of beach marks
b. The presence of plastic deformation
c. Being rough and torn
d. Being flat and rough

The surface is smooth and shows concentric rings, known as beach marks, that radiate from the origin; these beach marks becoming coarser as the crack propagation rate increases. Viewing the surface on a scanning electron microscope at high magnification shows each cycle of stress causes a single ripple. The component finally fails by a ductile or brittle overload.

weld 13.PNG

7) A steel designated as “Z” quality will have:

a.  ( answer ) Through thickness ductility > 20%
b. Through thickness ductility < 20%
c. Been specially heat treated
d. Zirconium added to improve weldability

Note: Steel suppliers can provide plate which has been through-thickness tested with a guaranteed STRA value of over 20%.

Two main options are available to control the problem in welded joint liable to lamellar tearing:

-Use clean steel with guarantee through-thickness properties (Z grade)

-A combination of joint design, restraint control and welding sequence to minimize the risk of cracking

8) Which of the following types of destructive test is sometimes used for welder qualification testing:

a. Hardness test
b. ( answer ) Fracture test
c. Charpy V notch impact test
d. CTOD test
  • We need to know what is Fracture test?

weld 15

  • Welder qualification – BS EN 287: the fracture test to be done for welder qualification as below table.

WELD 14.PNG

9) Which one of these tests would most probably be used for welder qualificaiton on a plate butt weld using 13mm low carbon steel:

a. CTOD
b. ( answer ) Nick break test
c. Fracture fillet test
d. IZOD
  • Pls take note this question apply for welder.
  • CTOD – Crack Tip Open Displacement: To determine the fracture toughness or resistance towards crack extension.

weld 18

weld 17

  • Nick break test:  To permit evaluation of any weld defects across the fracture surface of a butt weld. This is righ answer for above question.

weld 16.PNG

  • Fracture fillet test:  To break open the joint through the weld to permit examination of the fracture surfaces ( fillet weld ). See previous question.
  • IZOD: Izod Impact Test:

weld 19.PNG

10) A transverse tensile test piece from a weld joint will give the:

a. Tensile strength of the weld
b. Tensile strength of the joint
c. Stress/Strain characteristics of the weld
d. ( answer ) Stress/Strain characteristics of the joint

Transverse Tensile Tests: To measure the transverse tensile strength of a butt joint under a static load.

weld 20.PNG

Pls see next part: part 3

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