CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 14

 

CSWIP 3.1 QUESTION AND ANSWER SERIES

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 1

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 2

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 3

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 4

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 5

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 6

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 7

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 8

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 9

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 10

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 11

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 12

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 13

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 14

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 15

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 16

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 17

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 18

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 19

CSWIP 3.1: Question with Answer and Explanation – Part 20

1) Which of the following imperfection types is NOT usually associated with TIG welding?

a. Tungsten inclusion
b. Lack of root fusion
c. Crater pipe
d. ( answer ) Spatter

Most welding defects with TIG are caused by a lack of welder skill, or incorrect setting of the equipment. i.e. current, torch manipulation, welding speed, gas flow rate, etc.

  • Tungsten inclusions (low skill or wrong vertex angle)
  • Surface porosity (loss of gas shield mainly on site)
  • Crater pipes (bad weld finish technique i.e. slope out)
  • Oxidation of S/S weld bead, or root by poor gas cover
  • Root concavity (excess purge pressure in pipe)
  • Lack of penetration/fusion (widely on root runs)

2) Which polarity is normally used for GTAW welding of aluminium?

a. ( answer ) AC
b. DC electrode negative
c. DC electrode positive
d. It would make little difference which was used

weld 20.PNG

3) What is a typical arc voltage setting when welding with the TIG (GTAW) process?

a. 18-20V
b. ( answer ) 24-26V
c. 10-12V
d. 70-90V
  • ARC CHARACTERISTICS FOR TIG WELDING is Constant Current.

weld 22

  • Constant Current characteristic is:

weld 21.PNG

4) In TIG welding hydrogen is added to argon for the welding of which type of steel?

a. Carbon steel
b. Copper
c. Carbon manganese steel
d. ( Answer ) Austenitic stainless steel

weld 23.PNG

Shielding gases for TIG/GTAW welding:

The normal gas for TIG welding is argon (Ar). Helium (He) can be added to increase penetration and fluidity of the weld pool. Argon or argon/helium mixtures can be used for welding all grades. In some cases nitrogen (N2) and/or hydrogen (H2) can be added in order to achieve special properties. For instance, the addition of hydrogen gives a similar, but much stronger effect as adding helium. However, hydrogen additions should not be used for welding martensitic, ferritic or duplex grades.

WELD 25.PNG

5) Which Tungsten electrode is usually used to weld Aluminium?

a.  (answer) Zirconiated
b. Thoriated
c. Large diameter
d. Pointed electrodes

weld 24.PNG

6) What may be a reason for using nitrogen gas in TIG welding?

a. To stabilized the arc when welding carbon steel
b. ( answer ) It can be used to weld copper
c. The gas used is always the choice of the welder
d. It is the very best gas to weld Nickel Alloys

weld 23.PNG

weld 26.PNG

7) What is the mode of metal transfer for the TIG (GTAW) welding process?

a. Spray transfer
b. Globular transfer
c. Dip transfer
d. ( answer ) None of the above
  • The filler metal is added directly to the weld puddle, not transferred across the arc,  but is melted by it.
  • The difference between an electrode and a rod is that an electrode carries welding current and the metal transfers across the arc, but a filler rod is added directly to the weld puddle without electricity running through it.

8) When MIG/MAG welding, wire feed speed is proportional to:

a. Travel speed
b.  (answer ) Welding current
c. Arc length
d. Inductance

weld 27.PNG

9) In the MAG welding process which gas type gives good penetration but an unstable arc and high levels of spatter?

a.  (answer) Pure Carbon dioxide
b. Pure argon
c. Argon +5-20% Carbon dioxide
d. Argon +1-2% Oxygen or Carbon dioxide

weld 28.PNG

10) The output characteristic of a typical MAG set is:

a. ( answer ) Constant voltage
b. Constant current
c. Drooping
d. Pulsing

weld 22

Pls see next part:

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